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1. Planning and Layout

Planning the area to be paved is the first step. Measure the width
and the length of the area to be paved. Then multiply the width
by the length. The result is the square footage of the area to be paved.

The square footage of the area to be paved should then be
multiplied by the paver coverage rate. (This is mentioned as area
on that particular pavers page) This rate varies with the size and
shape of the paver being used.

2. Excavation

Establish the height limit for the pavers, for avoiding unevenness.
Place stakes around the perimeter. Place the string tightly on the
stakes, to identify the height level

3. Base Material

Once excavation is complete, laying of base material can begin.
Base material usually consists of crushed rock or gravel. If the
sub-base is soft clay, then a thicker layer of base material is

4. Edge Restraints

Edging is essential for the maintenance of every paved area.
If edge restraints are not installed, the pavers tend to move
and separate. Harsh weather and high traffic usage will lead to
uneven and undulated paved surfaces if the edge restraints are
not proper.

5. Sand Bedding

Before laying the pavers, a layer of bedding sand should be
spread over the compacted base material. This layer provides a
surface upon which the pavers are laid. The sand bedding also
helps to protect the sand joints from being eroded.

6. Laying Pavers

Lay the pavers in the desired pattern and design. Lay them close together.

If pavers need to be cut, use a diamond saw, masonry chisel or
mechanical splitter but always with safety glasses. After all the
pavers are laid, use a mechanical plate compactor to help set the
pavers in the sand bedding.

7. Sand joints

This step involves sweeping sand over the surface thus filling the
joints with sand. This shall help lock the pavers in place. It is
important to use fine-grained sand.

8. Voila

Your paved surface is all set for use.